Paragard Missed Period-Explained Briefly!

Do you have a complaint about Paragard missed periods? Well, almost all of the users of paragard might go through this phase. 

So, what are the causes for Paragard missed periods

Paragard is a copper intrauterine device inserted in the uterus. It works as a contraceptive and prevents pregnancy by stopping the sperm from fertilizing the egg or stopping the attachment of fertilized egg into the uterus wall. 

So, want to know the causes for Paragard missed periods? Keep reading the article. 

How Long Does Paragard Provide Contraception?

First let’s talk about Paragard. Paragard is an intrauterine device inserted into the uterus to provide contraception. It does that in two ways:

  • By stopping the egg and sperm from getting fertilized
  • By stopping the implantation of a fertilized egg

Paragard has copper as an active ingredient. It does not contain any hormones and is available only as this brand name. 

paragard

Paragard provides contraception for up to ten years. However, if you plan a child between that period, you can get it removed, and your fertility may return in some time. 

If you want to get more contraception cover, you need to get a new device inserted after ten years. 

What Causes Paragard Missed Periods?

Paragard provides contraception. But with it, your periods may get affected, and you may also have spotting, vaginal bleeding, heavy periods, light to no periods. 

If you have a complaint about Paragard missed periods, you must consult with a healthcare provider. Sometimes it can be a symptom of some serious underlying health condition, such as pelvic inflammatory disease or infections of the uterus or pelvis.

Tell your doctor about changes in your periods that have occurred after the insertion of intrauterine devices. If you used to get light periods and now they have become heavier, you must inform them. 

Getting your periods late can affect your fertility. Therefore, do not take it lightly. If you get missed periods after the insertion of Paragard in the uterus and do not get them for over six weeks, you must tell your healthcare provider. They will check your body for a possible pregnancy to check whether Paragard is providing contraceptive protection. 

The contraception rate of Paragard is high. Despite that, there is some risk of getting pregnant. No contraceptive can guarantee 100% contraception when you are sexually active. 

The only thing that can guarantee to prevent pregnancy is abstaining from sex. Therefore, if you have a complaint about Paragard’s missed periods, you must visit the healthcare provider as you may be pregnant. 

paragard-missed-period

Apart from it, what can be the reason for missing periods on Paragard?

Apart from being pregnant, the other reasons that can cause you to miss the periods are:

Premature Menopause

Menopause occurs around when you are around the age of 50. However, when it occurs soon, the condition is known as premature menopause. It is not complete menopause, but you may have some symptoms, and your periods may not be regular. 

When you do not get periods for 12 months, at this stage, you have reached menopause. 

Since your periods are irregular in premature menopause, they may get late or missed. You must get yourself checked if you have the same complaint. But in most cases, there is nothing to worry about. Instead, it is a sign that your body is going towards menopause, as your egg supply is winding down. 

When the egg supply gets low, there is no ovulation, so there are no periods. 

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome 

Polycystic ovarian syndrome, also known as PCOs, is a condition of the female reproductive system in which fluid-filled cysts develop inside your ovaries. Not just that, they can cause a hormonal imbalance, too. 

In PCOS, your body has too much male hormone- androgen and an excess of estrogen. These hormonal abnormalities affect your periods and may cause them to get late or missed periods. 

PCOs often occur at a young age. With it, you may have weight gain, especially around the stomach, with acne and excessive facial hair. It may also cause male pattern baldness in females and affect your fertility. 

If you have any signs and symptoms of PCOs, you must visit the healthcare provider and not take them lightly. Your healthcare providers will perform some blood tests and an ultrasound to confirm the diagnosis of the polycystic ovarian syndrome. 

PCOs can affect your fertility and can make conception difficult. The longer it remains, the more difficult getting pregnant becomes for you. Therefore, you must get the treatment as soon as possible, with no delay. 

To treat PCOs, your healthcare providers may prescribe you hormonal replacement therapy, sometimes combined with an insulin sensitizer drug such as metformin, because it can cause insulin resistance. 

Weight Extremes

Weight extremes, such as being obese or underweight, can cause a missed period. It can happen because of eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. 

Being underweight means that your body mass index is below 18.5, overweight means it lies between 25.0 to 29.9, and obese means 30 and above. You must make a goal to reach a bodyweight that is healthy for you. 

When you are underweight, you do not have enough fat tissues which secrete estrogen- a hormone that regulates your menstrual cycle. Therefore, when you are underweight according to your body mass index, your periods may become irregular. 

When you are obese or overweight according to your body mass index, your fat tissues secrete too much estrogen, which can also affect your menstrual cycle. 

Too Much Exercise

Exercise is beneficial for your health. You must have a daily routine for it. But when you overdo it and do not eat adequately, your body starves and can not meet the daily caloric requirement. 

When your body does not get enough nourishment, it perceives that it can not bear the load of pregnancy. So no ovulation occurs, hence no periods. 

Getting your periods late or no periods can affect your fertility. If you do not get them due to too much exercise, you must consult with a healthcare provider. They will advise you to reduce them and eat more. 

If you do too much exercise, make sure you eat enough to meet the caloric requirements of your body. You can consume calories from healthy sources, such as fruits, vegetables, almonds, nuts, and cashews. 

If you cannot make a diet plan for yourself that meets your daily caloric requirement, you can consult with a dietician. They can devise a plan, made for you that helps meet the requirements of your body and normalize periods, too. 

Stress

More than physical, mental stress can affect your menstrual cycle too. It can cause your periods to get late or a total absence. 

stress

Paragard missed periods can occur due to stress. Normally, your hypothalamus gland- an endocrine gland signals the pituitary gland to signal the ovaries to secrete estrogen and progesterone hormones. In this way, your menstrual cycle regulates. 

When your body remains stressed for a long time, the hypothalamus does not signal the pituitary gland for the induction of menstruation. Therefore, you get no periods.

If you miss your periods due to stress, they may revive to normal once you are out of it. However, if you cannot cope with it on your own, you must seek professional help. 

Visiting the psychologist is a must if you are stressed. They can help you calm down, lower your anxiety and make you learn ways to cope with stress. 

Surgical Procedure

Getting any surgical procedure such as D&C or vaginal delivery can affect your periods. It may take some time for your periods to normalize after a surgical procedure. 

Thyroid Gland Conditions 

Thyroid gland conditions such as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism can affect your periods. It happens because your thyroid gland produces hormones that regulate various bodily functions. 

When you miss periods because of thyroid conditions, you may have other symptoms too. To treat the condition, your healthcare provider will prescribe your medications. Once your thyroid hormones get normalized, your periods may also get back to normal. 

Pregnancy 

A common cause for Paragard missed periods is pregnancy. Women often think that they have a full-proof contraception cover so that they can not become pregnant. But you need to know that sometimes contraception can fail.

Even if you have a contraception cover, you can become pregnant because it can fail, leading to missed periods. Therefore, it is essential to visit your healthcare provider if you have a complaint of missed periods as it can be a sign of possible pregnancy or any other underlying health condition. Using contraception does not completely rule out pregnancy. 

FAQs

Question: What is Paragard?

Answer: Paragard is an intrauterine device inserted into the uterus to provide contraception. 

Question: How does Paragard work as a contraceptive?

Answer: Paragard works as a contraceptive by stopping the egg and sperm from getting fertilized and stopping the implantation of a fertilized egg.

Question: What is the active ingredient in Paragard?

Answer: Paragard has copper as an active ingredient.

Conclusion 

Paragard missed periods can occur because of various reasons. It may take some time for your body to get set on a new contraceptive. But if you do not get periods for a long time, it can show some serious underlying health condition or pregnancy. 

You must seek professional help if you have got Paragard inserted and are not getting periods.

Dr. Swathi Kilari

Dr. Swathi Kilari

Hello there! This is Dr. Swathi Kilari here, a writer in progress. I am a graduate of Cebu Doctors' University from the Philippines and am currently registered to practice in India. I write now and then to share my knowledge and experience about healthcare. I am happy to help you make wise choices to lead a healthy life. Healthcare and teaching are two of my passions. I am a food enthusiast, home baker, and cook. If I am not doing any of these, I am probably sleeping.

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