Let’s start with viewing two cases.
Kaila is a type 1 diabetic patient and was diagnosed 15 years ago. Recently she had nosebleeds twice in ten minutes. She had a headache before the bleeding started.
The next one is about Sharon’s daughter. She is also a type 1 diabetic and is now only 17 years old. After the birthday party, her blood sugar levels were higher than normal. And, she had a nosebleed once.
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Reading these two scenarios you may have guessed what I will be talking about today. Yes, it’s on diabetes nosebleeds. This is one of the controversial topics.
To divulge the entire thing, I will present some researched-based information about this diabetes y epistaxis topic.
Before nitpicking, it would be best for you to take a fair knowledge of diabetes and nosebleeds individually.
Table of Content
What is Diabetes?
Our body runs on energy. When you eat something, the body’s different mechanisms work together to break down them to obtain energy. Here, most of the food’s end products come out as glucose.
After that, these end products get released into the bloodstream. The pancreas discharges insulin in response to this circumstance. Then, this insulin hormone takes away the glucose & lets it enter into the body cells.
When you have diabetes, things turn the other way around.
In the case of diabetic patients, their pancreas does not produce insulin, or their body cells are unable to use insulin. In both cases, glucose stays in the bloodstream and creates heart problems, kidney disease, and other complications for you.
There is no permanent cure for this chronic health issue. All you can do is eat in balance, modify the lifestyle & take proper medication. You should be in regular check-ups under a good physician. As a result, even if you have diabetes, you will stay healthy and live longer.
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Types of Diabetes
Commonly, we come to know about three types of diabetes namely Type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes & gestational diabetes. Now, we will give you some basic knowledge about each type.
Type 1 Diabetes
Due to autoimmune diseases, the pancreas produces insufficient insulin or completely stops producing insulin. That’s why you get to see the sugar spike in the bloodstream. To combat that, you have to take insulin externally.
Although there is no hard & fast age limit, it usually shows up at an early age. Like, it can take place both in children & adolescents. The symptoms also appear fast.
Type 2 Diabetes
Here, the pancreas produces insulin, but your body becomes incapable of using it. Ultimately, the sugar level rises from the normal range.
It can happen at any age, but mainly in adults. As T2D doesn’t show any symptoms, you should be careful about it. Regular check-up is mandatory if you have a familial history or exposed to risk factors.
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During pregnancy, a woman may develop this type who doesn’t have any previous history of having diabetes. Often, it disappears after the delivery of the baby. But, the mother has a higher chance of developing type 2 diabetes in the future.
This goes for her baby too. The main issue is that the newborn may be in a state of developing health problems. Another type that comes in this way is prediabetes. So, let’s know about it.
What is Prediabetes?
We can call it a prior stage of developing diabetes mellitus in people. The sugar level remains higher than the normal range. But it is not so high that we can call it full-blown diabetes.
The alarming part is people often remain unaware of this sort of health condition. One statistic shows that one out of every three people has this prediabetes but they do not know it. And, because of that, they remain untreated.
You should check your sugar level after a certain period to prevent the onset of developing diabetes.
Nosebleeds: Type & Causes
After returning from a morning walk, you are about to wipe your face with a towel. But, what the heck are these red small dots? Well, this is a very common phenomenon, known as nose bleeding.
The blood vessels in the nose are fragile and so they can rupture easily and cause bleeding. Children aged between 3-10 are more prone to having nose bleeding.
So, can nosebleeds be a sign of something serious?
Although anyone will be stressed to see it, nosebleeds are rarely considered as a serious matter. Then, you may be wondering what can nosebleeds be a sign of?
Now, you know that nosebleed is not a serious medical issue at all. But frequent nosebleeds in one nostril may indicate something worth worrying about.
It can either indicate high blood pressure nose bleed or you may have any blood clotting disorder. If the bleeding continued, then it may lead to anemia.
Nosebleeds are of two kinds: anterior & posterior nosebleeds.
We can divide our noses into four quadrants. That is the upper & lower quadrant in the front & upper & lower quadrant in the back. When nose bleeds take place from the front portion of the lower quadrant, that is called anterior nosebleeds.
This one is very common as the blood vessels of the front area are fragile. Children easily get affected by this variety of nosebleeds. The good news is that it is not serious. Like, taking simple home remedies is enough to get rid of it.
As the name suggests, here the bleeding occurs from the behind vessels. It is severe due to a large amount of bleeding and can go down the throat.
Adults are the worst suffering of this. And you should seek medical help in case of this kind of bleeding.
Causes of nosebleeds
It is very important to observe nature’s nose bleeding. Suppose, it may occur suddenly & occasionally, then you don’t need to worry. But, if you face this frequently, then your nose bleeding could be a sign of something dangerous.
Below here, we will know the cause :
A common cause of nose bleeding is dry air. If you’re living in an area where the climate is dry & so you have to use a central heating system. Because it will make your nasal membrane dry.
This dry weather also creates crust inside your nose. It can make you feel itching in your nose. In response, when you try to pick it off, nose bleeding occurs.
Those who have allergic, cold, or sinus issues, they usually take antihistamine & decongestants medicine. It can also lead to dry out your nasal membranes. As a result of that nose bleeding may occur.
Another common cause of this problem is frequent nose blowing. Some other reasons can contribute to happening nose bleeding. Have a look :
- If any foreign body accidentally gets stuck in your nose.
- If you come into contact with the chemical irritants.
- If you got any injury to the nose.
- If you sneeze frequently due to cold or allergic issues.
- History of having an upper respiratory tract infection.
- If you’re on a large dose of aspirin.
- If you have certain health issues like high blood pressure, cancer, blood clotting & bleeding disorder.
So, whenever you find blood coming from the nose, you should check the amount and duration. If it continues for more than 20 minutes as a consequence of injury, you must go to the hospital.
Because, there is a huge possibility that the source of bleeding is the posterior part of the nose, which is dangerous. People falling from heights, or getting into an accident can also cause nose bleeds as a result of broken noses, cracked skulls, etc.
Can Diabetes Cause Nosebleeds?
We all know that diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder. That’s why people having metabolic syndrome are more likely to develop diabetes than normal individuals.
Experts say, in this case, the probability is five times more! There are no noticeable symptoms of metabolic syndrome other than a large visible waistline.
However, people having type 2 diabetes may have high blood pressure, blurring of vision, fatigue ness. Besides, the urgency of urination & thirst for water increased.
Now look, when blood pressure rises, people feel headaches, dizziness, and nosebleeds than usual. Here, we get the relation between type 2 diabetes and nosebleeds.
If you can remember earlier I told you the case of Kaila. She had a bad headache before bleeding from her nose. Now, you may be thinking that she had type 1 diabetes.
The next portion will clear your confusion about the connection of diabetes with nosebleeds for sure.
Diabetics, no matter -whether it is type 1, type 2, or gestational, are more prone to having HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE. And it is needless to say that high blood pressure, in the initial stage, will result in nose bleeding.
I hope the aforesaid sentence is enough for you to understand the relations of nosebleeds diabetes type 1, or juvenile diabetes nosebleeds, nosebleeds diabetes type 2, & gestational diabetes nosebleeds.
But, what about – nosebleeds prediabetes?
If you have high blood pressure, obesity, gestational diabetes, or PCOS (in the case of females), then you may develop prediabetes.
However, I do not find any direct relationship between them. But, if your blood pressure is high and you have prediabetes, you may have nose bleeding.
Now, you know the answer – can diabetes cause nosebleeds?
We all know that metformin is the first-line drug in the case of diabetic patients. So, it becomes imperative to know is there any connection between metformin and nosebleeds. So, let’s dive in.
Does Metformin Make Your Nose Bleeding?
Yes, it can. A study published on diabetes and epistaxis. There said, elderly people, having a high dosage of metformin can have epistaxis. And there is also mentioned that it is an uncommon adverse effect of metformin.
Apart from getting nosebleeds from diabetes, metformin can also cause eye bleeding and gastrointestinal bleeding.
To avoid this, you can think of taking supplements like taking supplements like Glucoflow. Even, the doctors are now telling it a cornerstone treatment for keeping diabetes under control.
Treatment to follow for nose bleeding
Knowing the severity & underlying causes are very important before taking any treatment. Here I include a list of treatments along with home remedies for nose bleeding.
For anterior nose bleeding
Anterior nosebleed is not a serious issue that requires medical concern. As soon as you notice the red drops, you should sit up & press the soft part of your nose.
Stay at that position holding the nostril for 10 minutes. During that time, you can normally continue breathing through your mouth.
After 10 minutes, check whether the bleeding has stopped or not. Repeat the process until the bleeding gets completely stopped.
Remember that you should never lie down in such a situation. Otherwise, the blood will be swallowed. And, as a result, you will feel irritation in the stomach.
Cold compression is another effective treatment. You should apply it to your bridge of the nose. You can apply nasal spray like a decongestant for closing the tiny blood vessels.
After taking these primary measures, still, if you see no progress & then you should take medical help. Your doctor may go for more invasive treatment for you.
For posterior nose bleeding
As I already told you that posterior nosebleeds are a serious issue, you should take medical help immediately.
If nose bleeding occurs due to the sticking of a foreign body, then your doctor will remove that. There is also an effective treatment for people suffering from frequent nose bleeding, known as Cauterization.
Here, the doctor will burn away the tiny vessels of your nose with a heating device to stop the bleeding. Even they can use a balloon catheter to impose pressure on the vessels to stop further bleeding.
How can I prevent nosebleeds?
Now you came to know the causes that contribute to nosebleeds. If you avoid those facets, you can easily prevent this issue.
- If you are living in a dry environment, then install a humidifier to keep the internal environment moist.
- You should avoid picking up nasal mucus.
- Take aspirin, antihistamines, and decongestants at a moderate level.
- You should have the nasal spray near your hand to keep the passage soft & moist.
Diabetic having nosebleeds & diabetes symptoms nosebleeds are two different things. Diabetes is not the obvious cause of nose bleeding. But it can give rise to some situations that are directly associated with nosebleeds. The same thing goes for gestational diabetes and nosebleeds.
Well, after reading this in-depth researched article, the concept of diabetes nosebleeds may be clear to you.
Can nosebleeds be a sign of something serious?
If the nosebleed occurs abruptly, it will not be such a serious issue. But if that happens regularly, there may be a big concern. Moreover, between the anterior and posterior-the latter, one is much more dangerous than the former.
Can vaping cause nosebleeds?
According to a study, thirty percent of 12th graders in India do vape. During smoking, vaping which comes out from an e-cigarette tool as aerosol causes nostrils to dry out. As exhaling occurs through the nose, it causes you nosebleeds.
When should I be concerned about a nosebleed?
Bleeding from the nose is quite a common problem and mostly there is nothing to worry about. But if you notice symptoms like losing too much blood, fatigue, dizziness, pale skin color, chest pain, etc then must go to a hospital.
What causes sudden nosebleeds in adults?
There are many causes of sudden nosebleeds in adults among them allergies, colds, and sinus problems are most common.
Other causes that can occur bleeding from the nose are repeated sneezing, picking the nose, injury to the nose, upper respiratory tract infection, high blood pressure, bleeding disorders, etc.
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